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Egypt 21 - 31 December 2014



                            21/12. Amsterdam - Cairo
                            22/12. Cairo - Giza & Saqqara Pyramids - Memphis - Cairo
                            23/12. Cairo - Egyptian Museum - evening flight to Luxor
                            24/12. Luxor and Karnak Temples
                            25/12. Luxor west bank: Habu and Ramesseum Temples
                            26/12. Luxor west bank: balloon flight, Deir el-Medina and Carter House
                            27/12. Luxor - Edfu - Kom Ombo - Aswan
                            28/12. Aswan
                            29/12. Aswan - morning trip to Abu Simbel - Aswan
                            30/12. Aswan - Elephantine Island - evening flight to Cairo
                            31/12. Cairo - Amsterdam


Dec. 21 arriving at Cairo Airport.



$25 visa sticker from a bank counter.



Dec. 22 Giza pyramids
Menkaure/Mycerinus, Khafre/Chefren and Khufu/Cheops.
and very small at the left one of the four Queens' Pyramids
constructed c. 2560-2540 BC.



seats for the sound & light show





The Great Sphinx of Giza, a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head
It is the largest monolith statue in the world
standing 73.5 metres long, 19.3 metres wide, and 20.22 m high.



Khafre/Chefren pyramid



Walk like an Egyptian









Khufu/Cheops pyramid
with 146 meter the tallest.



Khufu Temple & pyramid



Giza & Cairo just next to the pyramids.





Saqqara
located 30 km south of modern-day Cairo











Pharaoh Djoser his step pyramid.



Statue of pharaoh Ramses II or Ramesses the Great in Memphis.





Egyptian style tuk tuk.



Back in Cairo.



Hello Kitty in Egypt.



Church of St. Gregory the Illuminator, An Armenian Apostolic church
and the Al-Rahma Mosque right next door.



Revolution graffiti.



Shopping streets in the city center of Cairo.



Drinking sweet tea with young people.



Al-Hussein Mosque, next to the famous...



...Khan el-Khalili souq/market.



Dec 23.



Street sellers



Street cats



Burnt-out NDP headquarters next to the Egyptian Museum.



Egyptian Museum
(inside no photos allowed)



In front of the Egyptian Museum.



Tahrir square, the heart of the egyptian revolution.



More revolution graffiti near the Tahrir square.





Famous patisserie in Cairo.



Om Kolthoum

Internationally famous Egyptian singer, songwriter, and film actress of the 1920s to the 1970s.
She is given the honorific title, Kawkab al-Sharq ("Star of the East") in Arabic.

Four decades after her death in 1975, she is still widely regarded as the greatest Arabic singer in history.



Evening flight from Cairo to Luxor.





Staying in a very nice rooftop apartment on the west bank of Luxor
with kitchen and bathroom
in the village Gezirat el-Bairat.
www.our-egypt.com





Dec 24. Floor where one of the sons and his family are living.



Great breakfast included.



West bank of Luxor, ancient Thebes.

And the Nile
with Luxor in the east.





Tasty bread





Crossing the Nile to visit Luxor.





Luxor Temple



One of two granite Obelisks.
This one is 25 meters tall.
The other stands 22,5 meters and was moved in 1835 to "Place de la Concorde" in Paris.



Two seated statues of Rameses II flank the entrance.







A princess and Queen Nefertiti, at much smaller scale.







Cartouches



Luxor Temple



Mosque of Abu al-Haggag at the Luxor temple (integrated).





Math from a teenage boy.



Warta and Zeynep :-)



Avenue of sphinxes from the Luxor Temple in the direction of Karnak.



Prophet Muhammad's birthday is celebrated by handing out
special sweets, a doll for girls and a horse for boys.



About 14% of Egyptians suffer from from diabetes
and the obesity rate has substantially increased.



Inside a small Coptic supermarket



Great salad from the Oasis Palace restaurant.



Karnak Temple complex, The Great Temple of Amun. god of the sun.



Avenue of criosphinxes, lions with heads of rams.
And small figures of Ramses II.





Princess Bint-Anta, Daughter of Rames II
portrayed between the feet of the king.





Obelisks of Thutmes I and Hatshepsut.



















El Souk (market) of Luxor.





Avenue of sphinx, Luxor Temple



Udjat
The healed eye of Horus
representing refound wholeness and the restoration of lost well-being.



Dec 25.
Good morning!
Ready for another sunny day!



Neighborhood
As seen from the rooftop terrace









Countryside of the west bank
with fertile soil.
About 95 percent of Egyptians live along the Nile.





Stepping back in time.









The Colossi of Memnon

Two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III.

The twin statues in a seated position, his hands resting on his knees and his
gaze facing eastwards towards the river Nile.



Two shorter figures are carved into the front throne alongside his legs: these
are his wife Tiy and mother Mutemwiya. The side panels depict the Nile god Hapy.





Theban Necropolis, localy knows as Waset



Ticket office







Mr. Travel









Sun dried bread.





Painting at a door in the Habu village.





Medinet Habu is the name commonly given to the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III.



Ramses III smiting enemies before Amen-Ra.



Sekhmet goddess



Habu temple











Many students visiting the Habu temple today.



A couple with a private guide.























Djehuty & Ramses III







Archeology group from France at the Ramesseum.



Ramesseum is the memorial temple of Pharaoh Ramesses II.



Fallen Statue Of Ramses II











Storage rooms.















Mural painting after a family member has done a a pilgrimage to Mecca.





Bakery



Public transport







Another mural for a Family member who has been to
the holiest city in the religion of Islam
an Islamic pilgrimage known as the Hajj.







No shortage of food at my host family.



The Nile and Luxor.





Dec 26. Waking up at 5AM for a balloon flight!















Deir el-Bahari
A complex of mortuary temples and tombs.

The first monument was the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh dynasty.
Constructed during the 15th century BC.

During the Eighteenth dynasty, Amenhotep I and Hatshepsut also built extensively at the site.





Cross road where the ticket office is located.
Medinet Habu top left



The Ramesseum, which I visted yesterday.



Hatshepsut's temple, the focal point of the Deir el-Bahar complex.



The Ramesseum below and Deir el-Bahar complex at the top left.



Medinet Habu, also visited yesterday.





Almost landing at the Habu temple.
The pilot has to move backwards.



A soft landing and wonderful experience!





Deir el-Medina

An ancient Egyptian village which was home to the artisans who
worked on the tombs in the Valley of the Kings during the 18th to 20th dynasties
of the New Kingdom period (ca. 1550-1080 BC)



There is no comparable site in which the organisation, social interactions, working
and living conditions of a community can be studied in such detail.



Tomb of Inherkhau

Who was Foreman of the Lord of the Two Lands in the Place of
Truth, during the reigns of Ramesses III and Ramesses IV







The Ptolemies later built a temple to Hathor on the site of an ancient shrine dedicated to her.

























Very nice to visit.



Egyptian daily life in the desert countryside.



Carter House

Carnarvon financed Carter's work in the Valley of the Kings.

After several years of finding little, Lord Carnarvon became dissatisfied
with the lack of results, and in 1922 informed Carter that he had one
more season of funding to search the Valley of the Kings and find the tomb.

On 4 November 1922, Howard Carter's excavation group found steps which
Carter hoped led to Tutankhamun's tomb, the tomb that would be considered
the best preserved and most intact pharaonic tomb ever found in the Valley
of the Kings.











A Pleasure to be in Carter his office.







Visit the replica of the tomb.

King Tutankhamun's tomb went undisturbed for 3,000 years. But in the 90
years since its discovery, the ancient burial chamber has been ravaged by tourism.

To prevent further damage and deterioration, conservationists hope a newly unveiled,
life-size replica of the tomb will ease the flow of traffic to the original.

















Back in the upper world.
Shops and factories closed because of a lack of tourists.



Visiting some of the beautiful decorated alabaster shops.







Many times he looks so serious.



It may be obvious that I like the colorful murals.





The ancient Egyptians worshipped many more gods and goddesses.



Alabaster statues.















Keweseki from China.



Back with the family for a late lunch.



A dahabiya

These river-going sailboats were common in Egypt in the days of the
monarchy (1920s-40s) when aristocrats and sophisticated travelers
loved to cruise the Nile



So nicely decorated!

















Crossing the Nile to Luxor for a relaxing afternoon at a terrace.



The Winter Palace Hotel (1907) from the historic British colonial-era.





A small dinner with Naomi from Holland.



Dec 27. The last breakfast in Gezirat el-Bairat.



Edfu Temple







Statue of Horus of Behdet in the forecourt with a Korean girl.





































Kom Ombo Temple



























Keylany Hotel in Aswan





Souk, the old bazaar of Aswan





Nubian shop.













Peugeot



Bakery sweets.



Dec 28. Breakfast of the Keylany Hotel.







Feluccas





Dec 29. Lake Nasser on the right.

The Abu Simbel temples are in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan.
Situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan (about 300 km by road).

The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II
in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari.



Four colossal 20 meter statues of the pharaoh with the double Atef crown of Upper and Lower Egypt
decorate the facade of the temple, which is 35 meters wide

The statue to the left of the entrance was damaged in an earthquake.





Next to the legs of the colossi, there are other statues no higher than the knees of the pharaoh.
These depict Nefertari, Ramesses's chief wife, and queen mother Mut-Tuy, his first two sons
Amun-her-khepeshef, Ramesses, and his first six daughters Bintanath, Baketmut, Nefertari,
Meritamen, Nebettawy and Isetnofret.





Giant key



The complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968, on an artificial hill made from a domed structure,
high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. The relocation of the temples was necessary to avoid their
being submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser.



The temple of Hathor and Nefertari, also known as the Small Temple, was built about one hundred
meters northeast of the temple of pharaoh Ramesses II and was dedicated to the goddess Hathor
and Ramesses II's chief consort, Nefertari. On either side of the portal are two statues of the
king, wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt (south colossus) and the double crown (north colossus);
these are flanked by statues of the queen and the king.







A more than 3 hours desert ride back to Aswan.





Henna



Nubian wall painting in the house of J.



Dec 30. Visiting Elephantine Island.
With Nubian villages.









And Nubian girls, helping their mother to clean their house.



The school.





Library and computer room



Teacher Badr wants to practice German with me.





I guess this is from a German archeology team
working at the Aswan Museum at southern end of Elephantine Island.





Kalabsha temple on Elephantine Island.
Part of the Aswan Museum.













Aswan at the background.





Calèche



Many old Peugeots in Egypt.



Mosque along the Nile in Aswan-North.



Last visit of the souk/market of Aswan.



In the early evening back in Cairo



Dec 31. Breakfast of the Cairo Novotel Airport Hotel.



Receiving committee at Schiphol

*** THE END ***